A Revelry Guide

Web Development and Programming Languages

Web development is the creation and maintenance of websites, including web design, publishing, programming, and database management. Web developers, called devs for short, use a variety of coding languages to build websites, make them look appealing, and create a seamless user experience. These coding languages are also known as programming languages, and they are used to give instructions to a computer to perform specific actions. Programming languages follow their own syntax, structure, and rules in order to execute these codes without error. These languages can be used in one of two settings: front-end development and back-end development. Front-end development includes languages like CSS, HTML, and JavaScript and takes care of layout, design, and interactivity with the user, such as text and drop-down menus. Back-end development uses languages like PHP, Java, Ruby on Rails, and Python. The focus here is on what goes on behind the scenes, such as data storage and interactions with Web servers. Front-end and back-end development come together with coding languages to create stunning websites.


HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, and it is considered the foundation for Web development. HTML is one of the most commonly used forms of code that every developer should be well-versed in. This language provides the structure of a Web page and allows for easy template design to help improve your website. HTML is easy to learn and implement, and it’s supported on every browser. It works well paired with other programming languages to build a more dynamic website.


CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and can be used in combination with HTML to create the overall design and style of a Web page. HTML and CSS work together to determine the size, color, and position of the elements on a Web page. CSS allows for simple customization, and it’s a beginner-friendly coding language that supports a more responsive Web design that improves page loading speed.


JavaScript is one of the most commonly used programming languages and is popular because of how fluid it is in its application. It can be used to add the framework to your back end or interactivity to your front end, as it allows for dynamic elements like animated graphics and clickable buttons. JavaScript is simple to learn and integrate with other languages, and its uses go far beyond Web development to games, mobile apps, and even Web servers.


Python is an open-source language, which means that people can modify and share it because its design is publicly accessible. It’s an ideal choice for back-end development, data science, automation, and Web app development, and it can be associated with other Web development frameworks to create Web-based applications. Python is an efficient language that integrates with languages like C and Java to create complex websites that are subject to constant content updates.


Java was developed in 1990 to add features to the C++ language, but it has branched into a programming language of its own. It’s commonly used for back-end development of websites because it can handle large amounts of data, it’s known for its security, and it supports scaling both horizontally and vertically with minor changes in code. Java is a feature-rich language to learn that has more of a learning curve than other languages, but it is a language that is highly useful in Web development.


PHP is a scripting language for back-end development that helps with dynamic and data-heavy websites. It’s a popular language for building Web frameworks, and most free website creators use it, especially since it’s supported by third-party extensions, it’s compatible with cloud platforms, and it works well with outputting images, animations, text, and PDFs.

Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails comes highly recommended for beginning programmers to learn, especially if they are interested in learning back-end Web development. It is an object-oriented programming language used extensively in Web development because it favors all major platforms, it supports user interface tools, and it has multiple helpful tools and libraries that are updated thanks to its active community support.